Etymology[ edit ] The Late Latin adjective modernusa derivation from the adverb modo "presently, just now", is attested from the 5th century, at first in the context of distinguishing the Christian era from the pagan era. In the 6th century, Cassiodorus appears to have been the first writer to use modernus "modern" regularly to refer to his own age O'Donnelln9.
February 18, Chinese Architecture: Striving for Perfection The great Chinese architects achieved a perfect balance between serenity and nature and their architectural surroundings.
Chinese buildings are beautiful masterpieces of art crafted in the finest detail. Instead of just building a building they produced a magnum opus that would continue to show its beauty for centuries to come.
In the past, architects of China carefully designed their buildings to fit into the scenery that surrounded them Wiens They believed that if their building disturbed the balance of harmony and nature then the building was worthless and should not be used.
The interior decoration of a building also attributed to this idea. From this practice the idea of Feng Shui was brought into existence.
Feng Shui, literally translated is wind and water. It is intended to bring a sense of harmony and balance to your living and working spaces. Results such as improved health, rewarding relationships, and an increase in happiness and prosperity are believed to occur Bartlett. These good sites provided land that was safe, fertile, and healthy.
Refined over thousands of years, Feng Shui has evolved into a systematized art and science. It is organized into several "schools" each with a very specific set of guidelines. In modern times, with the Chinese population crowding into cities like Hong Kong and Taipei, Feng Shui principles have been applied to analyze and enhance urban and interior spaces.
No major building project in these cities would be undertaken without some consideration of the Feng Shui of the site and building. For example, the owners of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank demanded that Feng Shui be applied in the design of their skyscraper headquarters.
This influenced everything from the form of the exposed structural system to the placement of the lobby escalators and doors.
When Feng Shui is applied to a home or business many different features are examined. These include neighborhoods, streets, sites, directions, shapes of buildings, roofs, doors, windows, rooms, stairs, location of amenities, chimneys, drains, beams, columns, lights, and many other factors Bartlett.
It is believed that people who live and work in such an environment feel more energetic, creative, and balanced. Another quality that Chinese architecture has excelled at is combining art and architecture together to produce the grand buildings that can be seen today. Peking, more commonly known as Beijing, has been the capital of China almost continuously since AD.
Over the centuries, as emperor after emperor added palaces and shrines, it became a glorious museum of Chinese art and architecture. The greatest concentration of these treasures lies within the oldest second of Peking, the Inner City.
In the manner of Chinese boxes, the Inner City contains the Imperial City, which in turn surrounds the Forbidden City see photos 1 and 2the palace compound reserved for the court Fessler By just looking at the wonders of the Forbidden City you can see the great skill and craftsmanship of ancient Chinese architects.
The Forbidden City served as the seat of imperial power during the Ming and Qing dynasties from Members outside the royal family and staff were not allowed to enter the buildings until the s Beijing.
The elaborate artwork of the buildings that make up the Forbidden City is amazing. One feels as if they are to meet a emperor from the Ming dynasty scurrying about on daily affairs.
The exterior and interior were elaborately decorated with beautiful paintings depicting scenes from battles, ordinary life, celebrations, and nature. Paintings of dragons were used often because the dragon was thought to bless good fortune upon a person and to protect them from evil spirits.Offers much material relevant to Chinese architecture that is not available in more standard studies.
Steinhardt, Nancy S. Chinese Traditional Architecture. New York: China Institute, E-mail Citation» Essays on selected Chinese buildings written in conjunction with an exhibition at the Chinese Institute. Tanaka Tan 田中淡. In this essay, I will be talking more in depth about culture, The three cultures that I’ll talk about are Greek, Chinese and Indian.
Culture is the abilities, ideas and behaviours that people have developed to become members of society. It is learned over time and shared by groups of people to practice the knowledge of language, food.
Also, Frascari () stated, “It is construed as a “ruin” loaded with memories before time.” (p). Furthermore, Kenneth Frampton mentioned Brion-Vega cemetery of Carlo Scarpas in his essay: “Studies in Tectonic Culture the Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture”.
Yin-Hwa Chou (), Zuyan Chen (), Thomas Moran (), Rudolf Wagner (), Shenshen Cai () and others contributed rich studies on the hybrid modes and canons of modern and contemporary Chinese reportage, ranging from early twentieth century travel memoirs to .
Niall Atkinson received his PhD in the History of Architecture and Urbanism from the Department of Architecture at Cornell University in After a year teaching at Texas Christian University he joined the faculty at the University of Chicago in Chinese architecture differs in two major ways from Western architecture.
First, most Chinese buildings were constructed of wood. For this reason, much of China's early architecture has been lost in fires.
Chinese architecture also differs from the Western architecture in the manner of construction. Simple houses were built on platforms of .