The history of colonialism

European expansion before Antecedents of European expansion Medieval Europe was largely self-contained until the First Crusade —99which opened new political and commercial communications with the Muslim Near East. Although Christian crusading states founded in Palestine and Syria proved ephemeralcommercial relations continued, and the European end of this trade fell largely into the hands of Italian cities. Competition between Mediterranean nations for control of Asiatic commerce gradually narrowed to a contest between Venice and Genoa, with the former winning when it severely defeated its rival city in ; thereafter, in partnership with Egypt, Venice principally dominated the Oriental trade coming via the Indian Ocean and Red Sea to Alexandria. Overland routes were not wholly closed, but the conquests of the central Asian warrior Timur Tamerlane —whose empire broke into warring fragments after his death in —and the advantages of a nearly continuous sea voyage from the Middle and Far East to the Mediterranean gave Venice a virtual monopoly of some Oriental products, principally spices.

The history of colonialism

Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires at the end of the Second World War, Activity that could be called colonialism has a long history starting with the pre-colonial African empires which led to the EgyptiansPhoeniciansGreeks and Romans who all built colonies in antiquity.

The word "metropole" comes from the Greek metropolis [Greek: The word "colony" comes from the Latin Colonia—"a place for agriculture". Spain initially the Crown of Castile and soon later Portugal encountered the Americas through sea travel and built trading posts or conquered large extensions of land.

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For some people, it is this building of colonies across oceans that differentiates colonialism from other types of expansionism. These new lands were divided between the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire then still between Portugal and Castile—the Crown of Castile had a dynastic but not state union with the Crown of Aragon through the Catholic Monarchsfirst by the papal bull Inter caetera and then by the treaties of Tordesillas and Zaragoza.

This period is also associated with the Commercial Revolution. The late Middle Ages saw reforms in accountancy and banking in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean.

Colonialism - Wikipedia

These ideas were adopted and adapted in western Europe to the high risks and rewards associated with colonial ventures.

The 17th century saw the creation of the French colonial empire and the Dutch Empireas well as the English overseas possessionswhich later became the British Empire. It also saw the establishment of a Danish colonial empire and some Swedish overseas colonies.

The spread of colonial empires was reduced in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the American Revolutionary War and the Latin American wars of independence. However, many new colonies were established after this time, including the German colonial empire and Belgian colonial empire.

In the late 19th century, many European powers were involved in the Scramble for Africa. The Russian EmpireOttoman Empire and Austrian Empire existed at the same time as the above empires but did not expand over oceans.

Rather, these empires expanded through the more traditional route of the conquest of neighboring territories.

Hong Kong’s rich history, with its interesting tales of marauding pirates, powerful clans and European traders, has helped carve out its future as Asia’s world city. The oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) originated from West Africa, where evidence of its use as a staple food crop dates as far back as 5, years. Colonialism in 10 Minutes: The Scramble For Africa, a 10 minute clip from the documentary Uganda Rising, Mindset Media, Colonialism, in the traditional sense, ended as European countries started fighting over themselves over the world (the World Wars) and in effect, weakened themselves in the process (allowing the United States and Soviet Union to eventually gain in immense power.

There was, though, some Russian colonization of the Americas across the Bering Strait. The Empire of Japan modeled itself on European colonial empires.

Map of the British Empire as of At its height, it was the largest empire in history.

After the First World Warthe victorious allies divided up the German colonial empire and much of the Ottoman Empire between themselves as League of Nations mandates. These territories were divided into three classes according to how quickly it was deemed that they would be ready for independence.

After World War II decolonization progressed rapidly. This was caused by a number of reasons. First, the Japanese victories in the Pacific War showed Indians, Chinese, and other subject peoples that the colonial powers were not invincible.

The history of colonialism

Second, many colonial powers were significantly weakened by World War II.What Life was Like in Colonial Times, Colonial Life Trivia, How the early Colonists Lived, Foods Eaten by the Early Colonists, Colonial Occupations and Colonial Education Facts.

Published: Mon, 5 Dec Colonialism is the setting up of or taking over, maintaining and expanding a territory by members of another territory. It is a practice of subjugation which involves enslavement of a people by another. The official Colonial Williamsburg history and citizenship site featuring colonial history, research, podcasts, teacher resources, kid's games, and support the Foundation's mission.

The map above presents a very short history of colonialism around the world from in one simple GIF. Interestingly, it doesn’t limit itself to European colonialism but also includes the colonial empires of the United States, Russia/Soviet Union and Japan.

It includes the borders of the. Colonialism is the policy of a foreign polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities.

The colonizing country seeks to benefit whilst the colonized country or land mass, as many of the colonized countries were not countries at all, modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics.

Colonialism in 10 Minutes: The Scramble For Africa, a 10 minute clip from the documentary Uganda Rising, Mindset Media, Colonialism, in the traditional sense, ended as European countries started fighting over themselves over the world (the World Wars) and in effect, weakened themselves in the process (allowing the United States and Soviet Union to eventually gain in immense power.

History and Origin - The Oil Palm