Health delivery system is run by both state and non-state authorities. People living in urban areas have an easy access to best healthcare facilities whereas, in rural areas, accessibility to proper medical services is difficult. In Pakistan, many efforts have been made to improve the health system but still it is not encouraging.
History[ edit ] Fatima Jinnah — was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the leading founders of Pakistan Historically, Muslim reformers such as Syed Ahmad Khan tried to bring education to women, limit polygamyand empower women in other ways through education.
Jinnah points out that Muslim women leaders from all classes actively supported the Pakistan movement in the mids. Their movement was led by wives and other relatives of leading politicians. Women were sometimes organised into large-scale public demonstrations.
Before there was a tendency for the Muslim women in Punjab to vote for the Muslim League while their menfolk supported the Unionist Party. Pakistani women were granted the suffrage in and they were reaffirmed the right to vote in national elections in under the interim Constitution.
Had General Ayub Khan run fair elections, Ms. Fatima Jinnah of Pakistan would have become the first Muslim President of the largest Muslim country in the world. However, despite that setback, during —60, several pro-women initiatives were taken. The Muslim Family Law Ordinance which regulated marriage, divorce, and polygamy  continues to have a significant legal impact on the women of Pakistan.
Health issues in pakistan government services were opened to women including the district management group and the foreign service in the civil servicewhich had been denied to them earlier.
However, the implementation of these policies was poor as the Government faced a financial crisis due to the war with India and consequent split of the country.
The constitution stipulates that "there shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone. A chapter on women in development was included for the first time in the Sixth Plan. The chapter was prepared by a working group of 28 professional women headed by Syeda Abida Hussainchairperson of the Jhang District council at that time.
However, Zia-ul-Haq initiated a process of Islamization by introducing discriminatory legislation against women such as the set of Hudood Ordinances and the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order Law of Evidence Order.
He banned women from participating and from being spectators of sports and promoted purdah. He also proposed laws regarding Qisas and DiyatIslamic penal laws governing retribution qisas and compensation diyat in crimes involving bodily injury.
When the victim was a woman, the amount of diyat was halved  The Offence of Zina Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance, was a subcategory of the Hudood Ordinance. Zina is the crime of non-marital sexual relations and adultery. The Zina Ordinance included zina-bil-jabr, the category of forced intercourse.
If the woman who accuses a man of zina-bil-jabr rape cannot prove to the judicial system that she was raped, she faces adultery charges. The perpetrator may be acquitted and the victim may face adultery charges. The threat of being prosecuted discourages victims from filing complaints.
In addition, the legal possibility of marital rape was eliminated; by definition, rape became an extramarital offence according to the Zina ordinance.
The ordinance prompted international criticism. In Septemberwomen came together in Karachi in an emergency meeting to oppose the adverse effects on women of martial law and the Islamization campaign. WAF staged public protests and campaigns against the Hudood Ordinances, the Law of Evidence, and the Qisas and Diyat laws temporarily shelved as a result.
She was unable to provide enough evidence that she was raped. She was charged with adultery and the court considered her pregnancy as the proof of adultery.
She was awarded the Tazir punishment of one hundred lashes and three years of rigorous imprisonment. Due to lack of evidence, she was convicted for adultery under the Zina ordinance, while the rapists were acquitted. She was sentenced to fifteen lashes, five years imprisonment, and a fine of rupees.This course is designed to provide an overview on epidemiology and the Internet for medical and health related students around the world based on the concept of Global Health Network University and Hypertext Comic Books.
Current health issues and progress in Pakistan. Pakistan is currently working towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
To achieve the targets for the reduction of child mortality, which forms MDG 4, Pakistan should reduce underfive. VidPK brings you your favorite Pakistani dramas, entertainment news, Pakistani drama reviews, and much more.
Watch full drama episodes in high-definition. Jan 06, · Health Issues: Pakistan is facing a health crisis with rising rates of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which disproportionately affect poor families, with possible side effects of disability and premature death, and worsening poverty as people pay for medical treatment out of their own pockets.
The main health issues are due to lack of awareness, poor diet, water pollution and hygiene problems leading to communicable and non-communicable diseases. Poor medical facilities are also resulting in health deterioration of underprivileged people of Pakistan.
We should definitely like to see Pakistan without any environmental issue but currently there are lots of srmvision.com out Top 10 environmental issues in pakistan.