Implantable microphones as an alternative to external microphones for cochlear implants Prize: Mortality of people with chronic fatigue syndrome:
Winner Profiting from punishment: Philippa Tomczak University of Manchester Breast implants and Forensic psychiatry essay prize aren't often linked, but the recent PIP breast implant scandal provides a cautionary tale against further privatising criminal justice.
It illustrated the dangers of linking human welfare to the conduct of a private company. Women seeking implant surgery are often psychologically vulnerable1, and by encouraging surgery private companies profit from this vulnerability.
But the French company PIP took the profit motive one step further, filling implants with substandard industrial-grade silicone intended for filling mattresses rather than humans2. Breast implants always carry risks, but because of PIP's cost-cutting use of cheap silicone, their implants pose a particularly high risk of rupturing and releasing the tissue irritant silicone inside3.
PIP made commercial profits from these implants, but they came at the expense of women's health4. Even though implant surgery was carried out by private clinics, the NHS has shouldered the cost of removing faulty PIP implants5, so the burden ultimately rests on the taxpayer.
When considering privatising children's prisons, we'd do well to remember this alarming tale. In theory, the private sector running children's prisons means that inmates will be better treated, for less cost to the tax-payer.
Privatisation might seem like a win-win situation, especially in this time of fiscal austerity. Supporters argue that it saves public money competitive outsourcing theoretically stimulates cost- efficiency6 and enables the purported innovation, expertise and sophisticated management practices of the private sector to improve the quality of criminal justice services7.
Furthermore, it is undeniable that something must change in the juvenile secure estate. There are serious problems at the custodial end: The sad catalogue of 1 Spence, Winner recent incidents includes riots, suicide and death following restraint9.
However, applying the profit motive to punishment will not fix these problems. It will exacerbate them. And, the consequences of privatising children's prisons will not only affect prisoners who are directly involved. As with PIP, they will have an impact on the rest of society.
Privatising children's prisons allows companies to profit from the pain of punishing children That profit comes from detaining the very vulnerable children who are sentenced to custody. They may be offenders, but they're children first and foremost.
Children who have overwhelmingly experienced education failure and family breakdown, generally have complex and multiple vulnerabilities, exhibit very high levels of mental health difficulties, and have an above average incidence of learning disabilities The youth justice system currently functions as a backstop, where problem cases that other services have either failed or been unable to address end up Because the motivation of private companies is commercial and their primary responsibility is to their shareholders13, such companies cannot be motivated to address the needs of these vulnerable children.
Doing this would work to rehabilitate them, but private providers have a vested interest in keeping children imprisoned This maintains demand for their services as keepers.
Rehabilitation and release is counter to the interests of private companies, because this would reduce the market for the custodial services they provide To rehabilitate child prisoners would therefore make poor business sense.
In a similar vein, the involvement of private companies in prisons creates an inherent tendency towards inflation in the prison population Prisoners are useful to private companies because they have the capacity to generate per diem payments 9 Howard League for Penal Reform, Winner for their keepers To make more money, companies need more prisoners, so private providers have a vested interest in enlarging the penal estate and increasing the usage of the penal sanction.
This keeps them in business and keeps their shareholders happy. It is no surprise that the privatisation of prisons and the introduction of a profit motive went hand in hand with the unprecedented expansion of the penal system in the USA In theory, the allocation of punishment ought not be affected, as this remains the responsibility of the state But we must not overlook the powers of officers in private prisons These officers have the power to overlook minor offences against the prison regime, or to escalate them.
They are involved in disciplinary proceedings against prisoners. They are privileged with information about the conduct of these children. And they need to maintain and ideally increase the supply of child prisoners to secure their jobs and their incomes.
The obvious pawns in this game of chess are, again, the highly vulnerable children who end up being deposited in the youth justice system. But the damage created will not be limited to those child prisoners. In addition to opposing this practice on the grounds of basic humanity, there are also rational economic arguments against the private sector running children's prisons.RCPsych Faculty of Forensic Psychiatry, Bursary to attend Seminar on Forensic Psychiatry in Europe Highly Commended, Essay Prize, School of Title: Past President EFPT.
The Faculty of Forensic Psychiatry is offering a £ prize for an essay of words (footnotes and appendix should be included in the word count but the bibliography can be an addition) on any topic related to forensic psychiatry. Our main focus in Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology is to investigate associations and mechanisms for violent crime in severe mental illness, and develop scalable approaches to violence risk assessment.
Medical Student Essay Prize in General and Community Psychiatry; Research Grants of up to £7,, deadline for applications: 28th August.
Forensic psychology is a subfield of psychology in which basic and applied psychological science or scientifically oriented professional practice is applied to the law to help resolve legal.
Wolfson Junior Research Fellowship; Psychiatry for General Practitioners Study Day - Programme for 15th May Medical Student Essay Prize in General and Community Psychiatry; Research Grants of up to £7,, deadline for applications: 28th August Forensic Psychiatry.
Files; Centre for Suicide Research. Research Projects;. Birmingham Psych Soc. Search this site. Home. About Us. Announcements 'The Green Eyed Monster': Jealousy in Psychopathology and the Arts.
The National Student Psychiatry Conference Photos and Presentation Slides. The National Student Psychiatry Conference tickets are on sale.