Tax Concentration Accounting Concentration The Accounting Concentration is designed to provide you the opportunity to explore advanced topics in the accounting field. This Concentration alone will not qualify you to sit for the CPA exam. If you are planning to sit for the CPA examination, you should check with your faculty advisor to ensure you will have completed the requirements as outlined by the respective state board of accountancy.
Advancement Growth Herzberg reasoned that because the factors causing satisfaction are different from those causing dissatisfaction, the two feelings cannot simply be treated as opposites of one another. The opposite of satisfaction is not dissatisfaction, but rather, no satisfaction.
Similarly, the opposite of dissatisfaction is no dissatisfaction. While at first glance this distinction between the two opposites may sound like a play on words, Herzberg argued that there are two distinct human needs portrayed. First, there are physiological needs that can be fulfilled by money, for example, to purchase food and shelter.
Second, there is the psychological need to achieve and grow, and this need is fulfilled by activities that cause one to grow. From the above table of results, one observes that the factors that determine whether there is dissatisfaction or no dissatisfaction are not part of the work itself, but rather, are external factors.
Herzberg argues that these provide only short-run success because the motivator factors that determine whether there is satisfaction or no satisfaction are intrinsic to the job itself, and do not result from carrot and stick incentives. Implications for Management If the motivation-hygiene theory holds, management not only must provide hygiene factors to avoid employee dissatisfaction, but also must provide factors intrinsic to the work itself in order for employees to be satisfied with their jobs.
Herzberg argued that job enrichment is required for intrinsic motivation, and that it is a continuous management process. The job should have sufficient challenge to utilize the full ability of the employee.
Employees who demonstrate increasing levels of ability should be given increasing levels of responsibility. If a job cannot be designed to use an employee's full abilities, then the firm should consider automating the task or replacing the employee with one who has a lower level of skill.
If a person cannot be fully utilized, then there will be a motivation problem. Critics of Herzberg's theory argue that the two-factor result is observed because it is natural for people to take credit for satisfaction and to blame dissatisfaction on external factors.
Furthermore, job satisfaction does not necessarily imply a high level of motivation or productivity. Herzberg's theory has been broadly read and despite its weaknesses its enduring value is that it recognizes that true motivation comes from within a person and not from KITA factors.North South University is the first private university of Bangladesh, It was established in Approved by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh.
Oct 11, · There’s no grand theory of business—nothing comparable to the theory of relativity for physics or the theory of evolution for biology. Neoclassical economic theory is the only real contender.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government srmvision.comment includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural.
Importance of Business Environment firm to identify opportunities and getting the first mover advantage: Early identification of opportunities helps an enterprise to be the first to exploit them instead of losing them to competitors. Theory of Development. by Garry Jacobs, Robert Macfarlane, and N.
Asokan [presented to Pacific Rim Economic Conference, Bangkok, Jan , ]. Most important factors of micro environment of business are as follows: 1.
competitors, 2. customers, 3. suppliers, 4.
public, 5. marketing intermediaries, 6. workers and their union! The micro environment of the organisation consists of those elements which are controllable by the management.