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Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature.
However, the first European settlements in North America had been founded elsewhere many years earlier. During the colonial period, the printing press was active in many areas, from Cambridge and Boston to New YorkPhiladelphiaand Annapolis.
The dominance of the English language was not inevitable. Moreover, we are now aware of the wealth of oral literary traditions already existing on the continent among the numerous different Native American groups.
Political events, however, would eventually make English the lingua franca for the colonies at large as well as the literary language of choice. For instance, when the English conquered New Amsterdam inthey renamed it New York and changed the administrative language from Dutch to English.
From toonly about separate items were issued from the major printing presses in the American colonies. This is a small number compared to the output of the printers in London at the time.
London printers published materials written by New England authors, so the body of American literature was larger than what was published in North America.
However, printing was established in the American colonies before it was allowed in most of England. In England, restrictive laws had long confined printing to four locations, where the government could monitor what was published: London, York, Oxford, and Cambridge.
Because of this, the colonies ventured into the modern world earlier than their provincial English counterparts. Captain John Smith could be considered the first American author with his works: Topics of early writing[ edit ] The religious disputes that prompted settlement in America were important topics of early American literature.
Edward Winslow also recorded a diary of the first years after the Mayflower 's arrival. This work outlined the ideal society that he and the other Separatists would build in an attempt to realize a "Puritan utopia".
Other religious writers included Increase Mather and William Bradfordauthor of the journal published as a History of Plymouth Plantation, — Others like Roger Williams and Nathaniel Ward more fiercely argued state and church separation.
And still others, like Thomas Mortoncared little for the church; Morton's The New English Canaan mocked the religious settlers and declared that the Native Americans were actually better people than the British.
Nicholas Noyes was also known for his doggerel verse. John Eliot translated the Bible into the Algonquin language. Of the second generation of New England settlers, Cotton Mather stands out as a theologian and historian, who wrote the history of the colonies with a view to God's activity in their midst and to connecting the Puritan leaders with the great heroes of the Christian faith.
Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield represented the Great Awakeninga religious revival in the early 18th century that emphasized Calvinism.Lasting Effects Slavery Has Had on African American Culture African American Scholar Michael Eric Dyson once said “The effect of slavery continues to exert its brutal influence in the untold sufferings of millions of everyday folk.” Introduction The African American journey has been one of trials and tribulations which they.
Learn intro to african american psychology with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of intro to african american psychology flashcards on Quizlet. The Metal Gear series, produced by Konami in , is the Trope Maker and Trope Codifier of the Stealth-Based Game genre.
The idea came when the series' creator and lead designer, Hideo Kojima, realized that the MSX2 couldn't show more than a few enemies at a time without flashing epileptically and generally breaking — so why not make a game where avoiding your enemies is the theme?
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Try writing your introduction last. You may think that you have to write your introduction first, but that isn’t necessarily true, and it isn’t always the most effective way to craft a good introduction.
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